Roses are some of the most beautiful, traditional and fragrant flowers you can plant in your garden. Of course, there is no rose without a thorn, but these wonderful flowers have the advantage of not requiring much care. All they need is a little attention, a sunny place and a well-drained floor. If you want to know how to plant roses and get them to bloom reaching their full potential to bring a colorful and cheerful touch to your home, follow these steps.
Prepare everything to plant the roses
Choose the variety of roses you want to plant. Any variety of roses will look good in your garden, but it is important to see which ones can grow best in the area where you live by consulting a regional guide of roses. Besides the size, you can take into account the appearance. Here are some of the most popular and beautiful raised varieties:
- Floribunda: this type of roses is the most colorful and blooms freely in leafy shrubs that produce groups of between 3 and 15 cocoons. These shrubs can grow isolated, but the result will be more attractive if they are planted together, forming rows.
- Hybrid Tea Rose: This is one of the most popular rose varieties and grows in the form of vertical shrubs that produce a single flower per stem. These roses may be the ones that are most often found in florists.
- Grand flora : this beautiful variety of roses is a mixture between the floribunda and the hybrid tea rose. The rose can reach 1.80 m (6 ft) in height, producing the classic hybrid tea roses in groups of several buds.
- Landscaping roses: this type of rose can reach different sizes and acquire different shapes, and can adapt to any landscape. These rose bushes grow close to the ground and are naturally resistant to disease, so they require less care than other varieties and produce strong roses that last long periods.
- Climbing rose: this variety can give life to any garden and usually grows around fences and fences. These roses have long and arched stems that can produce many flowers, covering columns, walls or any structure that offers support.
- Miniature rose: these roses are the smallest that exist and can grow anywhere, reaching a height of between 15 cm (6 inches) and 70 cm (2 feet). This variety blooms continuously and is great to plant in pots and to skirt the garden, in addition to adapting perfectly to small places.
- Rosa standing tall: this type of plant has very strong roots grafted to a long stem to whose end, in turn, a rose is grafted. The tall rosebush is visually spectacular, but requires more care to survive the winter.
Decide if you want to plant roots without leaves or rosebushes already flowered in pots. The difference between the two options is very important, since you will have to plant the roses differently depending on which one you choose (from the roots or from flowering roses in a pot). Regardless of what you choose, you will have to plant the roses on the ground so that the roots grow on the ground, but you must choose between the two options that we will describe later to know how to plant your favorite variety of roses. Here you have everything you need to know about the two types of roses:
- Roots of roses: the roots do not have flowers, but this is not a bad sign, it simply means that the rose can direct all its energy to the development of the roots without having to maintain the flowers. You can plant the roots before the growing season begins, up to 6 weeks before the date when the last frost usually occurs in your region (at the beginning of spring in many places), but never let more than 2 weeks pass. From that moment. If you plant the roots at the right time and using the ideal method, the flowers will grow faster than planting rose bushes already flowered in pots.
- Rosales flowered in pots: these roses have the advantage of containing flowers in advance and, therefore, of being prettier when transplanted to the garden. They are normally sold in pots of at least 3.8 l (1 gallon), and you will have to be careful to plant them in the middle of spring, since they tend to be less resistant to frost.
Choose the growing area. The area of cultivation of the rosebush will determine its future, regardless of how beautiful and strong the first flowers that sprout are. You should choose a place that receives at least 5 to 6 hours a day of sunlight, especially during the morning. You should also plant roses near any element that protects them, such as a wall or a fence, if they are in a windy area. Here are other things you should keep in mind when choosing the right place for roses: [
- If the weather is warm, the roses should have some shade to protect them from the sun. If the weather is cold, the roses should have a wall or a fence to protect them.
- The earth must be well drained. Before you plant the roses, dig a hole and pour water over it to make sure it has drained after a few hours. If the soil is too wet, the roots of the roses could rot. In this case, you should consider planting the roses in raised beds on the ground.
- Make sure the earth is neither too compact nor too sandy. By adding organic matter such as dehydrated cow dung, crushed tree bark or compost you can modify the soil to give it the right consistency.
- Avoid planting roses near trees or shrubs. If you do, they will have to compete to get the water, light and nutrients they need, and they will most likely lose out.
- The soil not only must retain moisture easily, but it must also maintain its pH level between 6.5 and 7.
Gather the necessary materials to plant roses. Having the roses and the right place is a great start, but if you want to plant them successfully, you will have to gather all the necessary materials. Here is a list with everything you will need:
- Mulch or fertilizer
- Pruning shears
- Gardening gloves
- Compost or mixture of nutrients for roses
- Watering can full of water
Plant roses from the roots
Plant the roses between 6 weeks before the usual date of the last frost in your area and 2 weeks later. This period is best suited to plant roses from their roots. Although you can buy roses in pots and continue watering them and taking care of them before transplanting them to the ground, in the case of the roots you have to plant them immediately after acquiring them, so make sure you have everything you need to do it.
Dig a hole a little bigger than the plant. The hole should be larger than the roots of the rose bush, which should hold on to the soil well to offer good support while the plant grows. This is all you need to plant roses from the root. Many plants are sold in groups of three and planting them in that way can be a great idea. However, if you plant more than one rosebush, make sure that the plants are separated at least 70 to 90 cm (2 to 3 feet) apart, leaving space for their roots to grow without problems.
Mix the soil with a little compost. Mix the compost well with the soil until forming a mound at the bottom of the newly dug pit.
Place the root of the rosebush on the mound of earth. If you plant the rose in a warm climate zone, you should place it so that the junction of the shoots is just above ground level. If you do it in a colder climate zone, the union of the buds should be about 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) below ground level. The roots must be covered, but the stem must be above the ground.
Remove the soil mixture around the roots with the shovel. This way you will prevent air bubbles from forming below the ground that can damage the roots and, therefore, the plant. Then, hit the earth around the roots to compact it. Continue filling the hole with the mixture until you have filled about 3/4 parts. If you dig the earth with your hands, be careful with the thorns.
Fill the hole with water. Let the water penetrate well into the earth and then re-fill the hole. Cut the stems of the roses leaving about 20 cm (8 inches) tall. Make angled cuts about 6 mm (0.25 inch) above the protruding buds.
Make a mound of soil about 15 cm (6 inches) high above the plant. In this way, you will protect the stems of the rose bush, preventing them from drying out. In about 2 weeks, new shoots should appear, at which time you can eliminate the mound of earth.
Step on the mound carefully to flatten it. This is an old gardeners trick to help the plant retain moisture and prevent it from falling with the wind.
Transplant roses from a flowerpot
Transplant the rosebush at the end of spring or at the beginning of summer. This is usually the time when roses are sold and frosts have completely disappeared. These roses sold in pots are more prone to freezing, so you will have to plant them at the right time to avoid the risk.
Decreases the moisture level of roses. If you have had the rosebush in a pot for a while or if you simply have too much water, wait until the humidity level drops a bit so you can transplant it without problem. If the roses are too wet, the roots will not grow as much and you could lose some of the flowers by transplanting the rose.
Dig a hole a little bigger than the roots with the root ball. This is the same thing you should do to plant roses from their roots. Use a shovel to dig the hole.
Remove the container. First, separate the base and then remove the sides when you put it inside the hole. Remove the side of the container as if you were peeling an orange. Maybe the container is a pot and you have to remove everything at once
- If you have a plastic container, cradle the main stems of the plant in your hands. Turn the container on its side and squeeze it gently. Now place the plant freely.
- If you have a cardboard container, first remove the base and then the sides once you put it in the hole. Remove the container on the sides as if you were peeling an orange. 
Loosen the soil of the root ball. In this way you will help the roots to be somewhat more exposed and to adapt better to the ground soil. In addition, in this way you can also extend the roots that have become entangled when growing in a small container. To extend and unravel the roots, you can make vertical cuts on the root ball of the rose with a sharp knife. The cuts should reach a depth of about 2.5 cm (1 inch) to make room for the roots to grow.
Place the rosebush in the center of the hole. Fill the hole with common potting soil when you have everything ready.
Work the mixture of soil around the roots. In this way you will eliminate any air bubbles formed under the earth and help the roses grow healthy and strong.
Water the plant. Water the plant, wait for the soil to drain the excess water and water it again to ensure a good start. If you have organic fertilizer such as tree bark, pine needles or wood shavings, you can add all these residues to the top layer of the soil to facilitate moisture retention.
Caring for roses
Water the roses frequently during the first 3 or 4 weeks after planting the roses. Normally, during this period about 5 cm (2 inches) of the surface layer of the earth tend to dry out. To keep the roses healthy, you will have to provide them with water and nutrients in abundance.
Continue watering the dirt bed. Four weeks after planting the roses, you should start watering the dirt bed approximately every 2 weeks. Do it in the morning to get an optimal result.
Begin to fertilize the rose about 3 months after planting. Use a layer of 7 to 15 cm (3 to 6 inches) of mulch or compost to control humidity, temperature and to prevent the appearance of weeds. The mulch, in addition, favors the absorption of the vital nutrients that the roses need to grow healthy and strong.
Prune the roses. Pruning roses will keep them from clumping together and help them grow healthy and strong. You only need some pruning shears and a good eye to detect the parts that you should eliminate. You can cut all the suckers, which are new shoots that appear from the roots, as well as any stem that is thinner than a pencil and that crosses or entangles with another, or that has not acquired the desired shape.
Protect the roses from the cold. During the winter months, or when it’s cold, you may have to get to work to keep your beautiful rose alive. You must prune the rosebush to keep it at a maximum height of 61 cm (24 inches), thus avoiding the damage caused by wind and cold. Then, you must tie the stems with a string to hold them together and protect the plant from the wind.
- Each rose should have a nice mound of fresh and loose compost or dirt around the base.
- You can add another layer of hay and straw on the mound to give the rose an extra protection.
- When spring arrives, you can eliminate the extra layer of protection.
- Do not water the roses at the end of the day. In this way you will avoid fungal diseases.
- Some rose growers recommend spraying the leaves of the plant with water to prevent the appearance of aphids.
- It will be easier to acquire roses in boxes or packed at the beginning of the season. The roses in pots will be available when the weather is warmer and, therefore, more suitable for the cultivation of these flowers.
- Go to a local agriculture office for advice to an expert gardener.
- It is better to plant roses in spring. Choose an area to plant the roses in which the air circulates without problem. Roses will not grow in a closed or poorly ventilated area.
- Roses love water, but are prone to many fungal diseases and bacteria if they do not get enough sunlight to dry the moisture accumulated in the petals and leaves. Plant the roses with the natural light of the morning and remember that they should be exposed to the sun for at least 6 hours.
- Some rose growers also use a mixture of soapy water spray to prevent the appearance of aphids. Ask for advice from a local gardener.
- Roses grow without problems in the desert, but you have to water them very often when the weather is dry.
- Normally, professional gardening programs can be accessed through the university.
- Frequently examine your roses to see if they have a plague or disease.